National Geographic : 1961 Jun
Francis Drake's Golden Hind. Students long have been jealous guardians of the Tem ples' independence, and City officials even now can enter the legal precincts only by invita tion. In 1678, when the Lord Mayor himself responded to a fire alarm at Inner Temple, fledgling barristers routed the Swordbearer, compelled the Lord Mayor to take refuge in a pub, and doused the fire with ale and beer. Middle Temple, in particu lar, can point to famous liter ary figures among its member ship, including Henry Field ing, William Congreve, Charles Dickens, and William Make peace Thackeray. James Bos well was a member of Inner Temple. Charles Lamb, Oliver Goldsmith, and Dr. Samuel Johnson all had lodgings among the barristers, though they did not belong to either legal society. Johnson loved London and knew the City intimately. His biographer, the devoted Bos well, quotes him as saying: "Sir, if you wish to have a just no tion of the magnitude of this city, you must not be satisfied with seeing its great streets and squares, but must survey the innumerable little lanes and courts." One of the "innumerable" little courts off Fleet Street is Fleet Street has such a long association with British jour nalism that it is often called the Street of Ink. Offices of newspapers, magazines, and publishing firms line the thor oughfare, which takes its name from the Fleet Ditch, once a malodorous open stream, now an underground sewer. This view from the Daily Telegraph building looks east toward Ludgate Hill and the dome of St. Paul's Cathedral. KODACHROMEBY W. D. VAUGHN © N.G.S.