National Geographic : 1961 Aug
S"And finally, there was the simple memory of per sonal valor-the enduring realization that when the ' great challenge comes, the most ordinary people can _;': Sshow that they value something more than they value their own lives." PULITZER PRIZE HISTORIAN ,F tTHE AMERICANHERITAGEPICTURE the battle fou htHISTORY OFTHECIVILWof peace" the battle fought at a "place of peace" When the Methodists of Pittsburg Landing in Tennessee built their church, they named it "Shiloh" - a place of peace. But on Sunday morning, April 6, 1862, Federals under U. S. Grant and Confederates under Albert Sidney Johnston turned that peaceful churchyard into a shell-torn battlefield. Shiloh is again peaceful, and a visit will make you proud that our NationalPark Service has made it a national shrine. Mockingbirds sing over the silent guns near the beautiful river bank. The Peach Orchard is heavy with fruit. Bloody Pond, where both Blue and Gray came to share water and bind their wounds, reflects a placid sky. But as you drive through the battlefield, or follow the backwoods lanes Gen. Lew Wallace marched along to Grant's relief (and to later fame as author of "Ben Hur"), you see a thousand reminders of war, and the courage war demands. With all its historic import, Shiloh is only one battlefield in this scenic state which saw such hard fighting. There are Forts Henry and Donelson, where Grant learned to fight in '61. There is Stone's River, where CSA Gen. Braxton Bragg won a battle in '63 and lost a campaign. And there are the heart-pound ing cavalry raids of Nathan Bedford Forrest-con- sidered by many today to have been one of the war's greatest cavalry commanders. In your car, you can follow the highway markers that blaze the historic roads his Gray horsemen galloped over, striking the Federals 11 times in 18 hard-riding days. Few of the men, North or South, who fought in Tennessee were military men. Most were boys who joined up after hearing bugles or distant drums. But in the shock and confusion, the terror and the cour age that is war, they became veterans who were proud to fight for their beliefs. In this world of angry challenge, our generation can take inspiration from their memory-and learn anew the devotion to duty which values our nation's heritage above even life itself. FREE CIVIL WAR MAP. Ask your Sinclair Dealer about Sinclair's Civil War Centennial Map. Shows battle lines of 20 great engagements, colorful illustrations of Civil War battles, uniforms and guns. You'll treasure it as a collector's item! FREETOUR INFORMATION. Let Sinclair help plan your trip to Shiloh, or other Civil War battlefields during the Centennial. Write: Tour Bureau, Sinclair Oil Building, 600 Fifth Avenue, New York 20, N.Y. SincltirAGreat Name inOil PUBLISHED IN COOPERATIONWITHTHE CIVIL WARCENTENNIALCOMMISSION,ESTABLISHEDBY ACTOF CONGRESSTO INCREASEAWARENESSOF OUR HISTORICALHERITAGE-THE MENAND EVENTSWHICHSHAPEDOURNATION'SGROWTH.