National Geographic : 1962 Mar
NATIONAL GEOGRA Washington 6, D. C . National Geographic Magazine ORGANIZED IN 188 "F .. TE ICREAS A DF I O G., The National Geographic Society is chartered in Washington, D. C., in accordance with the laws of the United States, as a nonprotit scientific and educational organization for increasing and diffusing geographic knowl edge and promoting research and exploration. The Society has conducted more than 180 expeditions and scientific proj ects. It disseminates knowledge to millions through its world-famous National Geographic Magazine, its 21 million color maps a year, its books, monographs, bulletins for schools, its information service for press, radio, and television. MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, President and Editor THOMAS W. McKNEW, Executive Vice President and Secretary ROBERT V. FLEMING, Vice President and Treasurer MELVIN M. PAYNE, Vice President and Associate Secretary FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Vice President ROBERT E. DOYLE, Vice President and Associate Secretary THOMAS M. BEERS, Associate Secretary Committee for Research and Exploration LEONARD CARMICHAEL, Chairman .Y MAN J. BRIGGS ALEXANDER WETMORE Chairman iEmeritus Vice Chairman Rear Adm. L. O. COLBERT Vice Adm. EMORY S. LAND MATTHEW W. STIRLING H11UGH L. DRYDEN Research Associate A. REMINGTON KELLOGG Smithsonian Institution Director, U. S. National Museum WILLIAM E. WRATHIER and the Senior Officers of the Society Board of Trustees GILBERT GROSVENOR, Chairman of the Board, formerly President, National Geographic Society, and Editor of its magazine (1899 1951) ROBERT B. ANDERSON BENJAMIN M. McKELWAY Secretary of the Treasury, 1957 61 Editor, the Washington Star LYMAN J. BRIGGS President, Associated Press Director IEmeritus, National THOMAS W. McKNEW Bureau of Standards Executive Vice President LEONARD CARMICHAEL National Geographic Society Secretary, Smithsonian Institution WALTER K. MYERS, M.D. L. O. COLBERT Physician Rear Admiral, U. S. Coast MELVIN M. PAYNE and Geodetic Survey, Retired Vice President HUGH L. DRYDEN National Geographic Society Deputy Administrator, National LAURANC S. ROCKFLL Aeronautics & Space Administration LAURANCE S. ROCKEFELLler Chairman of the Board, Rockefeller ROBERT V. FLEMING Brothers, Inc., and President Chairman of the Board Jackson Hole Preserve Riggs National Bank CRAWFORD H. GREENIWALT JUAN T. TRIPPED President, E. 1. du Pont President, Pan American de Nemours & Companyrld Airways VLBELRVNOR EARL WARREN MELVILLE BELL GROSViNOR Chief Justice of the United States EdiA c ALEXANDER WETMORE II.IStA HANSON Research Associate General Counsel Smithsonian Institution National Geographic Society EMORY S. LAND LLOYD B. WILSON Vice Admiral, U. S. Navy, Honorary Board Chairman, Chesa Retired, formerly President peake & Potomac Telephone Co. Air Transport Association CONRAD L. WIRTH CURTIS E. LEMAY Director, National Park Service Chief of Staff, U. S . Air Force U. S. Department of the Interior H1. RANDOLPH MADDOX WILLIAM E. WRATHER Vice President, American Tele- Director, U. S . Geological phone & Telegraph Company (Ret.) Survey, Retired Asst. Secretaries: VERNON H. BREWSTER, WM. T. BELL, HERBERT T. HENDERSON, C. VERNON SANDERS, CHARLES P. BIXEL, OWEN R. ANDERSON. Asst. Treasurers: HILLEARY F. HOSKINSON, WM. H . McCAULEY. Assoc. Counsel: ARTHUR B. HANSON Herman J. A . C . Arens, Executive Assistant, Leonard J. Grant, Editorial Assistant, and Gail H. Carroll, Secretary to the President and Editor; Lenore Williams, Secretary to the Executive Vice President; Sibyl Peck, Assistant to the Chairman of the Board. l. .S . s.o -,l nota, p id.tw:,±hio ton.I).t'.. and at additional ailing otlhs. 'o+,rdesign I:tiflei ot(t, by iit-rnationIal tradl,mark. Articles and tphotographs are desired. Formaterial used, generous remuneration ismade. SCOVER: Mongolians crowd a tentlike home to meet a distinguished American visitor (pages 290-91). MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, Editor THOMAS W. McKNEW. Executive Vice President FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH. Associate Editor EDITORIAL STAFF Senior Assistant Editor: Franc Shor Assistant Editors: Robert L. Conly, Allan C. Fisher, Jr., John Scofield, Mason Sutherland Issue Editor: Samuel W. Matthews Senior Stnaff Andrew H. Brown, Nathaniel T. Kenney, Luis Marden, Howell Walker, Kenneth F. Weaver, Paul A. Zahl (Natural Sciences) Foreign Staff: W. Robert Moore (Chief); Thomas J. Aber crombie, David S. Boyer, Walter Meayers Edwards, Kip Ross, Volkmar Wentzel Editorial Staff Jules B. Billard, Rowe Findley, William P. E. Graves, Gilbert M. Grosvenor, John R. Hoopes, Jay Johnston, Stuart E. Jones, Howard La Fay, Edward J. Linehan, Bart McDowell, Carolyn Bennett Patterson, James A. Reynolds, Peter T. White; Rose T. MacBryde, Winifred M. Myers (Assts.); Dorothy M. Corson (Indexes); Rosalie K. Millerd (Central Files) Editorial Layout: Howard E. 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