National Geographic : 1963 Mar
KODACHROME(ABOVE) AND HS EKTACHROMEBY NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICPHOTOGRAPHERROBERT F. SI: "The tribe set aside $10,000,000 for schol arships," McPhee said. "Now 30,500 Nava jos are in school, including 300 in colleges." The Apaches, both the San Carlos and the White Mountain Apaches, are making a liv ing these days, each with about 15,000 head of cattle (pages 326-27). The White Mountain Apaches pioneered burning underbrush to improve the range, and they have an inten sive program to improve recreational facili ties-for tourists-in the White Mountains. But Indian prosperity is relative and lim ited. Most tribes eke out only a meager living by raising precarious crops of corn, beans, melons, and squash. Almost all Indians sup plement their farm food by hunting. Indians Scour Desert for Food Prickly pear, mesquite beans, yucca, pinion nuts, and other seeds help stretch the menu. So important is the saguaro cactus to the Papagos of the southern desert that the day the fruits ripen is designated the first day of the New Year. Many Indians winter in domed mud-and timber hogans, or adobe cabins (page 333). 321 N.6.5.