National Geographic : 1964 Feb
W HEN DROUGHT STRUCK in the 13th century and the Mesa Verdeans van ished from their Colorado cliff homes, where did they go? Each year brings new evidence that they moved south into certain regions of New Mexico and Arizona. Key clues lie in the simple housekeeping routines of today's Pueblo people. Their tools and products bear striking similarity to those un covered in the ruins of Wetherill Mesa. Before a crackling fire in her adobe home at Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico, potter Dora Montoya white-coats a jar before decorating it. She follows the ceramic techniques of the prehistoric Mesa Verde people. Bearing an olla, or water jar, from Wetherill Mesa, Mrs. Montoya shows the Indian woman's age-old way of balancing awkward burdens. Other prizes of the National Park Service National Geographic Society Wetherill Mesa Project include (below) a food bowl and pitch er, plus corrugated jar and black-on-white wa ter jug with yucca-leaf harness for carrying or hanging. All were shaped and fired in Colorado at least 700 years ago by methods still used. in Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico (pages 204-5). HS EKTACHROME(ABOVE) AND KODACHROMES© N.G.S. 20th-century Indians Preserve Customs of the Cliff Dwellers Photographsby WILLIAM BELKNAP, JR.