National Geographic : 1966 Jan
with deep cuts in Government expenditures. Next came the remarkable legislation of his first hundred days. He proposed, and Congress enacted, a sweeping program to bring recovery to business and agriculture and immediate relief to the unemployed and those in danger of losing farms and homes. Further, with the establishment of the Ten nessee Valley Authority, he led the Federal Government into a precedent-setting venture in regional planning and development. Like Teddy Roosevelt and Wilson, Frank lin D. Roosevelt vigorously used all the pow ers of the Presidency. Like them, he wished the Government to function as an impartial arbiter among businessmen, farmers, workers, and consumers. But he went beyond them be 74 cause of the drastic needs of the depression years, and used the Government to provide strong aid to each group. By 1935 the Nation was achieving some measure of recovery, but businessmen and bankers were turning against the "New Deal." They feared Roosevelt's experiments and concessions to labor, and were appalled that he had taken the Nation off the gold standard and allowed budget deficits. Roosevelt's response to the attacks from the right was to push through Congress a new legislative program: Social Security, heavier income taxes, new controls over banks and public utilities, and an enormous work-relief program for the unemployed. In 1936 he defeated Governor Alf Landon of Kansas, a Republican liberal, by a top heavy margin, winning in every state but two.