National Geographic : 1966 Jan
"Without health there is no happiness. An attention to health, then, should take the place of every other object." In a basic way, the role of the President has remained unaltered through almost 18 decades and the tenure of 35 Chief Execu tives. President Johnson expressed it elo quently in his State of the Union Message to Congress in January, 1965: "A President does not shape a new and per sonal vision of America. He collects it from the scattered hopes of the American past. "It existed when the first settlers saw the coast of a new world, and when the first pio neers moved Westward. "It has guided us every step of the way. "It sustains every President. But it is also your inheritance and it belongs equally to all the people that we all serve. "It must be interpreted anew by each gen eration for its own needs.... "It shall lead us as we enter this third cen tury of the search for 'a more perfect Union.' " From the High Tide of War Rise Hopes for Peace and a New Frontier in Space D-Day, June 6, 1944, saw the Allies storm Hitler's western wall at Omaha Beach (cen ter) and four other Normandy beachheads. Lessons of history's costliest war convinced world statesmen of the need for a perma nent peace-keeping organization. Helping to establish the United Nations (left) and to strengthen it amidst the uncertainties of the cold war occupied the minds of America's mid-20th-century Presidents. In the face of a shaky peace, successive administrations moved forward in the cause of freedom: rebuilding ravaged countries, aiding new nations emerging from the rem nants of empire, and transforming the Amer ican economy from war production to a postwar prosperity dedicated to eradicating poverty. The United States entered the era of manned space flight in 1961 with the sub orbital ride of Astronaut Alan B. Shepard, Jr. (right). By 1965, the Nation was making giant strides in its announced goal of putting a man on the moon by 1970.