National Geographic : 1966 Jul
Hair-raising ride: An ape ruffles a cruise ship passenger, ashore to see the sights. Barbary apes-actually tailless monkeys reached the Rock from their native North Africa, perhaps as pets of the Moors. Legend holds that Gibraltar will remain British un til the apes desert it. When they dwindled to a few animals during World War II, Prime Minister Winston Churchill ordered the pack replenished from Morocco. Today, 30 uninhibited monkeys roam the Rock in two mischievous groups that fight if they meet. Despite this lack of discipline, the Gibraltar Regiment "enlists" them, and the government pays each sixpence a day for their service. The money buys bananas, vegetables, and oatmeal. When an ape is transferred abroad to a zoo, orders are cut and military records show it posted overseas. Charging a hilltop on the southern flank of the Rock, soldiers of the Gibraltar Regiment overrun a make-believe enemy position. Subject to compulsory military service at age 18, Gibraltar's men undergo periodic training for home defense.