National Geographic : 1966 Sep
little town. The large central house was surrounded, and often obscured, by a motley group of service buildings-kitchen, smokehouse, slaves' quarters, stables, laundry room. At Monticello, to keep the vistas open, Jefferson turned these outbuildings into a series of rooms, arranged them along passageways removed from the house, buried them in the sloping hillsides, and covered them with terraces. Tunnels connected the hidden wings to the basement of the house. Thus, just as he had managed to hide three stories behind a low facade, so Jefferson managed to hide virtually an entire estate under the brow of a mountaintop (page 431). As we walked through the dining room, furnished now with its original table and chairs, I considered that there was a good deal of the practical in the arrangement. Here there would be no need for a serving boy to dash against a mountain gale with a frozen salver of stony pork chops. Instead he carried the covered dish along the comfortable passageway under the terrace, continued up the hidden staircase, and placed the dish on his side of the revolving serv ice door. At the flick of a wrist, a hot dinner was EKTACHROME(LEFT) BY DEAN CONGER;KODACHROMEBY RICHARDS. DURRANCE© N.G .S . Finishing touch, the north pavilion ended the main building operations at Monticello. Completed in 1809, the one-room bungalow sits at the end of one of the wings. After Jefferson's death, his son-in-law, Thomas Mann Randolph, stayed on here as a recluse. Jefferson lived in Monticello's first structure, a twin to the north pavilion, while the big house rose under his direction. The young Virginian wrote a friend in England that it served him "for parlour for kitchen and hall. I may add, for bedchamber and study too." Here (right) he brought his bride, Martha Wayles Skelton, to the "hon eymoon cottage," as it is now known.