National Geographic : 1966 Sep
Locked between arms of river and sea, Vancouver springs toward the sky. Here man-made Canada's west mapped anew Mighty Works Help Tame a Wilderness AS HENRY KELSEY pushed westward in the 1690's to Canada's vast plains, he often jotted his observations in verse. Of what is now part of Manitoba, he wrote: This wood is poplo ridges with small ponds of water. There is beavour in abundance but no Otter. Fur that Kelsey sought as an emissary of the Hudson's Bay Company no longer under pins Canada's economy. But ponds and rivers and lakes-the nation treasures a third of all the world's fresh water-make a patchwork of blue on the National Geographic Society's new map of Western Canada.* 394 Distributed as a supplement to this issue of the GEOGRAPHIC, the 25-by-19-inch map is the 51st in the Society's World Atlas Series. Its printing brings to 161,000,000 the number of 11-color Atlas Maps now in the hands of users all over the world. Sharp contrasts emerge in the sweep por trayed by the map, an area two-thirds the size of the entire United States. Jagged peaks of the Rockies tower over prairies that merge with tundra to cover the Canadian Shield a mineral-rich crust containing rocks almost three billion years old. Along the moist, fiord-laced Pacific coast, Douglas firs grow bark almost a foot thick; yet interior valleys lie cactus-dry. Out of the black earth and golden grain of the prairies thrust the forested Cypress Hills, with mule deer, lodgepole pine, and other flora and fauna usually found in the mountains far to the west. Storied names dot the map: Yukon, Klon dike, Dawson of gold-rush days... Calgary, with its Stampede and its cattle-country lodg ing spots that are dubbed "moo-tels"... newly *Additional copies of the Western Canada map can be obtained for 50 cents each, postage prepaid, by writing to Dept. 340, National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C. 20036.