National Geographic : 1967 Jan
KODACHROMESBY GEORGEF. MOBLEY(ABOVE) AND WILLIAM ALBERT ALLARD© N.G.S. skyscrapers. Suburbs spread wide and far to hold 260,000 residents at the time of our visit, just nine years after ground was broken.* The airport was bustling with people. "But already we are planning a new airport for supersonic jets," said one of our Brazilian friends. "We'll need it by 1975." This was the only city on our route that seemed to be making firm plans for the com ing age of supersonic travel-an era that lies less than a decade away. As a result of far sightedness, Brasilia may well become the central port for much of South America. The purpose of Brasilia, of course, was to open untouched parts of Brazil to transporta tion and development. Already the Brasilia Belem highway is complete to the mouth of *See "Brasilia, Metropolis Made to Order," by Her nane Tavares de Sa, in the May, 1960, GEOGRAPHIC. Bold new capital, Brasilia lures a human tide into Brazil's frontier of prairie and jun gle. Some 260,000 people now throng city and suburbs, 600 miles inland from Rio, which it succeeded as capital in 1960. "Wind sandwich"-as Brazilians call it towers above the domed Senate chamber. The 28-story shafts house legislative suites, a library, a restaurant overlooking the Plaza of the Three Powers, and offices of the ex ecutive and judicial branches. Running room for boys with kites sur rounds apartment communities, self-con tained in parklike settings with their own stores and churches. "Sixty thousand lucky youngsters," Mr. Rockefeller observed, "are growing up with nature." Monument to muscle, silhouettes in steel salute the candangos,workers who built Bra silia, guided by architect Oscar Niemeyer.