National Geographic : 1967 Jan
than twice the average for West Pakistan, falls on the slopes and valley floor of Swat. Thus the state exports wheat and honey to the hungrier regions southward. I finished my visit to the west wing by fly ing almost as far north as you can go in Pak istan, where mighty peaks, 60 of them more than 22,000 feet high, ring the mountain val leys of Gilgit. Gilgit lies in the north of what the Pakistanis call Azad-or Free-Kashmir, that portion of the disputed state which re- mained in Pakistan's possession when Indian and Pakistani troops laid down their arms in 1949 under United Nations supervision.* The turboprop planes linking Gilgit with the outer world zigzag through chasms be tween jagged peaks on a flight that gives even the hardiest traveler a few bad moments. Nanga Parbat shrouds its 26,660-foot summit behind an all-but-perpetual cloud cover, yet *See "The Emperor's Private Garden: Kashmir," by Nigel Cameron, GEOGRAPHIC, November, 1958. EKTACHROME(OPPOSITE) BY GEORGEAND CLAIRE LOUDEN; KODACHROMEBY ALBERT MOLDVAY(Q N.G.S . "House of Joy," as Shalimar means, has been a wellspring of delight since Emperor Shah Jahan laid out the garden in Lahore in the 17th century. The famed builder of India's Taj Mahal ordered marble pavilions, brick walkways, and trees of many varieties. Modern Pak istanis, like royalty of yesteryear, saunter amid plashing fountains of the public park.