National Geographic : 1967 Jul
Vivid reminder of earlier tragedy, this con temporary lithograph records an 1844 flood. A jeweler salvaged the print from his wrecked shop on the arcaded Ponte Vecchio after No vember's deluge. Florence bears scars of a major flood in almost every century. Pointing finger on a plaque in the Via dei Neri (right) fixes a 1333 inundation at 13 feet 10inches. High water mark of 1966 shows 28 inches higher. Trapped in a basin, Florence catches the fury of an entire watershed (maps). Four months' normal rain in only two days sent tributaries raging into the Arno; operators of two over taxed dams opened floodgates on November 3. The next day the river exploded into Florence. Rain loosed floods on all northern Italy, drown ing more than 100 people and engulfing 750 vil lages, together with Venice, Pisa, and Florence.