National Geographic : 1968 Jan
Storming defiant Tyre, Macedonian warriors charge through a breach in the island city's high walls in July, 332 B.C. Seven months earlier, Tyre looked impregnable. To reach it from the Phoenician shore, half a mile away, Alexander constructed a broad mole guarded by towers, left background. But as the causeway neared the island, Tyrians bombarded the workers with stones and arrows, forcing Alexander to adopt a new plan. On ships collected from other Phoenician cities, his engineers mounted siege machines catapults and iron-headed battering rams. The ships pounded the wall until a weak spot collapsed. Here, shielded from a rain of burning arrows by a hide tent, the Macedonians reach shore and drop a long gangplank to carry them over the rubble. After desperate hand-to-hand combat, Tyre fell and Alexander closed this main base of the Persian fleet, winning control of the eastern Mediterranean after the longest battle of his life. The 26 Macedonians massacred 8,000 Tyrians and sold 30,000 into slavery.