National Geographic : 1968 Jan
Grand design of a bygone suburb comes to light as archeologists dig near Pella; most of the old capital lies under the modern vil lage beyond. Streets laid out on a grid, an elaborate clay-pipe water system, plastered walls, and mosaic floors bespeak a high level of refinement, though early Greeks regarded Macedonians as crude and uncouth. At Pella, young Alexander, "eager and vehement," as Plutarch wrote, learned re ligion from his mother and warfare from his father, King Philip. From his tutor, the great philosopher Aristotle, he absorbed politics, morals, medicine, and how "to live well." Greek culture and language dom inated the court; Alexander spread them throughout the new world he conquered. Muscles rippling after more than twenty centuries,hunters and a dog bring down a stag in a Pella floor mosaic, fashioned of naturally colored pebbles and signed "Gnosis made it." KODACHROMES BY HELENANDFRANKSCHREIDER( N.G.S.