National Geographic : 1968 Nov
Once this great tribe owned two-thirds of Mississippi. Now many of the Choctaws earn a precarious living sharecropping for white planters around Philadelphia, east of the Trace. I went there to see James D. Hale, Superintendent of the Choctaw Agency, about the plight of these Indians. "When the Choctaws signed away their rights in Mississippi in 1830 and moved to Oklahoma," said Mr. Hale, "about a thousand elected to stay behind and farm the section of ancestral land promised them in the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. But few got any land, and even those who did lost it through crooked business deals. So the modern Choctaw owns almost none of the vast country he once ruled. "But suddenly things Indian have become chic," Mr. Hale went on. "The Choctaws want in contrast to a tractor revolution sweeping the old cotton kingdom, the mule still has his day. 661 EKTACHROMEBY CHARLESHARBUTT,MAGNUM() N.G.S.