National Geographic : 1969 Jan
Portland. Portlanders tend to bring visitors out here for a quick walk-through, a modest lunch in the cafeteria, the purchase of a few postcards; then away they go again. "About a million people walk through this building each year, and they spend about 75 cents per person. That's not enough to keep the place clean. "But," he repeated, "we're making it, thanks to the skiers and also to loyal regulars and the organizations and corporations that find Tim berline a good place to hold conventions and staff meetings." Several trips south from Portland into the Willamette Valley took me to quiet, pleasant cities like Salem, Albany, Corvallis, and Eu gene, all busy turning out forest products and marketing the produce of lush farms. The enterprising city of Albany, now boast ing a population of about 17,000 and growing Bristly young braves wear porcupine headdresses and beaded buckskin to dance at the Warm Springs Indian Reservation near Bend. Here some 2,000 Indians of various Northwest tribes have developed flourishing Kah-Nee-Ta Vacation Resort, offering hot mineral baths, swimming, riding, and fishing in year-round sunshine. The tribesmen also operate ranches and a sawmill to finish logs felled on their 875-square-mile reserve. Children like Elmo Johnson, left, and Wiggie Sooksoit attend public schools in Warm Springs and nearby Madras, in keep ing with Oregon's policy of integrating Indian children into the state school system. Hoofs pounding, dust churning, a stagecoach thunders around a turn during a race at the Pendleton Round-Up. Horse men from throughout the West compete for cash in bronc busting, steer-wrestling, and bull-riding events at the four-day September jamboree. Some 40,000 spectators enjoy the rodeo, chuck-wagon dinners, and Indian pageant. The Round-Up revives early days of Pendleton, a roistering cow town in the 1870's. Now the city of 14,300 hums with lumber, woolen, and flour mills, and canning and freezing plants.