National Geographic : 1969 Feb
Late, late yestreer I saw the new mooi Wi' the auld moon in hir arme, And I fi I feir, my deir mast That we will cum 1 harme. "BALLAD OF SIR PATRICK SPE 208 he moon has inspired more superstition than any other celestial body. It has long n been regarded with foreboding, as an omen of evil, especially when it ne, eclipses the sun, or when its dark Le orb, faintly lit by earthshine, lies cradled in a silver crescent. eir, And even the full moon has er, held its terrors. From the remotest times it has been supposed that sleeping in full moonlight 0 can cause blindness or madness. The very word "lunatic" derives from the Latin for moon. Some farmers to this day believe that the NS moon affects the weather, and that crops should be planted according to the moon's phases. "Sowe peasen and beans in the wane YERKESOBSERVATORY (UPPERRIGHT);LIBRARYOFCONGRESS Early portraits of earth's heavenly companion bear names that still survive. In 1647 Johannes Hevelius, on the first true moon map, called the dark areas maria (plural of the Latin mare, sea), reflecting a belief that these vast plains were water. Four years later Giovanni Riccioli renamed the maria and christened craters for famous men, as is still done. Their pioneering work still found currency in the early 1700's, when J. G. Doppel mnayr of Niirnberg, Germany, published this re-rendering of the Hevelius (left, above) and Riccioli maps. Moon express, a coal-burning train speeds toward its destination. Though illustrating Jules Verne's 1865 clas sic, From the Earth to the Moon, it bears little relation to the cannon-shell spacecraft in the French author's text. Amazingly prophetic, he described a three-man lunar capsule blasted into space by a giant gun near Tampa, Florida-only 120 miles west of today's Cape Kennedy.