National Geographic : 1969 Jul
lieutenant at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, he made the acquaintance of a young visitor from Denver, Mamie Geneva Doud (page 7). The following July he married her. A year later the United States entered World War I. With the declaration of war, Eisenhower, now a captain, was assigned to train new troops. Eventually he assumed command of Camp Colt at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, where he supervised the instruction of some 600 officers and 9,000 men. Gettysburg, with its rolling fields and poignant memories of the Civil War, so impressed Eisenhower that 32 years later he bought a farm there. Despite frequent importuning of Washing ton, Eisenhower never managed a transfer to Europe and the front lines. He did, however, rise meteorically in rank. By the time the war ended in 1918, he wore the silver oak leaves of a lieutenant colonel. The swift contraction of the Army following the Armistice soon reduced him to captain, and not for 18 years did he regain his World War I rank. Eisenhower regarded his failure to serve overseas as a grave impediment to his future in the Army. He wrote, "I was mad, disap pointed, and resented the fact that the war had passed me by." The interlude between the two wars brought a variety of assignments. From 1922 to 1924 Ike served in Panama-the first of a series of trips abroad that later made him one of the most widely traveled men ever to become President of the United States (map, pages 30-31). In 1926 he was graduated from the 12 Army's Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. No longer the casual student of West Point days, he finished first in his class of 275. Eisenhower then journeyed throughout France, preparing an official guidebook to World War I battlefields. The year 1933 brought him to the staff of Gen. Douglas MacArthur, U. S. Army Chief of Staff (above). In 1935 MacArthur was appointed Military Adviser to the Philippine Commonwealth. Ike accompanied the general to his new post. In Manila Ike helped draw plans for the defense of the Philippines in the event of attack; although in his middle 40's, he also learned to fly, obtained a pilot's license, and logged 350 hours in the air (page 10). MacArthur and Eisenhower, the two future heroes, developed a notably chill relationship. A journalist later observed: "Their parting was cool. The general regarded him [Eisen hower] as a good clerk. He regarded the general as an excellent dramatics teacher." But in the course of these assignments, Eisenhower had caught the eye of one of America's greatest soldiers-the future World War II Chief of Staff, Gen. George C. Mar shall.* He and Ike had met only two or three times-in Washington while Ike worked on his battlefield guidebook, in California in 1940, and possibly during the 1941 Louisiana ma neuvers-before Pearl Harbor propelled the ';General Marshall served a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Geographic Society from 1949 until his death in 1959.