National Geographic : 1962 Jul
KODACHROMESBY MARGIEAPPLEMAN(ABOVE) AND WILLIAM EPPRIDGE© N.G .S . Defying time, the Great Pyramid and Sphinx shadow desert dunes near Cairo. Forty-five centuries ago, thousands of slaves labored beneath broiling sun and flailing whips to erect King Khufu's tower ing tomb, hewing and raising stone blocks of as much as 15 tons. A few years later ar tisans chipped the lionlike figure of King Khafre from a knoll of rock. Students scaled the 450-foot pyramid in 25 minutes. Work horse of Egyptian waterways, a la teen-rigged felucca sails a dusk-shrouded Nile. Similar craft plied the river as ferries and freighters in the days of the Pharaohs. Forest of pillars testifies to the onetime magnificence of the Temple of Amun at Kar nak. Bundles of papyrus plants inspired the columns' shape 33 centuries ago.