National Geographic : 1962 Aug
Archeology 130 feet under the sea DOWN TO a marine graveyard off Tur key's reef-rimmed coast go under water archeologists, drawn to a ship that sank some 13 centuries ago. Divers have plucked the world's largest trove of Byzantine pottery from the wreck, dated it on the evidence of four gold coins from the reign of Heraclius (A.D. 610-641), and even learned the name of the vessel's master: George, senior sea captain. Expedition director George F. Bass (right), specialist in underwater archeology at the University of Pennsylvania, found it easier to train scientists to be divers than to teach divers to be archeologists. Before his Aqua-Lungers move the tiniest artifact, they carefully plot its position in relation to a wire grid. Here blond Susan Womer, drawing on sheets of frosted plastic, sketch es the wreck's cargo of wine jars. To explore wreck-rich Turkish waters, the National Geographic Society co-spon sored this 1961-62 expedition with the Uni versity Museum, Philadelphia. You will read about its discoveries in a future issue. You can share such exciting adventures with your friends. Use the form below to nominate them for membership.