National Geographic : 1963 Jan
KODACHROME( NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICSOCIETY Young lovers reflect the romantic spell the city casts on residents and visitors alike. Professor Bohr's international renown, revere him more for his warmth of character and his endearing absent-mindedness. They never tire of recounting his many World War II adventures, which included hairsbreadth escapes to Sweden and then to England just ahead of the Nazis who wanted very much to capture him. I asked Professor Bohr about an incident said to have occurred while he was in the United States in 1945 with the atomic Man hattan Project. Security officers renamed him "Dr. Nicholas Baker" and instructed him carefully in concealing his true identity. One day in New York a lady hailed him on the street. "Why, Niels Bohr!" she exclaimed. "I didn't know you were in this country!" For once the professor remembered his cover name. "I'm sorry, madame," he said, "but Baker is myname-Dr. Nicholas Baker." "But you are Niels Bohr!" insisted the lady. "I knew you in Copenhagen." "My name is Nicholas Baker," said Pro fessor Bohr, tipping his hat and passing on. Then he turned and called out cordially, "And how have you been, Mrs. Hansen?" The story was true, Professor Bohr told me, except in minor details. "It happened in an elevator," he said, "and the lady's name was Olsen, not Hansen." Danish Heroes Fought Nazis More wartime lore came to light during a walk I took with a journalist friend, B0rge Outze, a hero of the Danish Resistance move ment. I paused to study a marble tablet on an office building. The inscription listed the names of eight Danes and explained that they had died here, "For Denmark's Freedom," on March 21, 1945. "This is Shell House," said Mr. Outze. His words seemed fraught with dire mean ing, as if he had said, "This is Pearl Harbor," or "This is Dunkirk." "It's a new building, put up since the end of World War II," he added. "The old one was destroyed by the RAF-at the request of the Resistance." The old six-story Shell House, Mr. Outze explained, had been used as Gestapo head quarters. Its top floor, an attic, served as a prison for Danes awaiting questioning about suspected Resistance activities. On other floors were Gestapo offices and files. These files contained records that might lead to the arrest of other Danes. "We felt that Shell House was a danger to our whole Resistance movement," Mr. Outze said. "So we persuaded the RAF to bomb it. Eighteen Mosquitoes hit it from low level, skipping bombs across the sidewalk into the lower floors so as to spare the attic." Within minutes, Mr. Outze went on, Shell House was a flaming wreck. "The raid wiped out the Gestapo's records and killed a lot of Nazis," he said. "Of the 35 Legend in Bronze: a Goddess Transforms Her Four Sons Into Oxen Gefion Fountain at the entrance to Langelinie promenade tells the myth of the goddess Gefion. "I will give you as much land as you can plow around in a day," the Swedish King Gylfe promised her. Thereupon she converted her sons into a powerful team and plowed out of Sweden the whole of Zealand, Copenhagen's main island.