National Geographic : 1963 Jan
Turquoise treasure attests the skill of a pre-Columbian craftsman. Unearthed in Pueblo Bonito, New Mexico, the necklace contains 2,500 hand-shaped beads. Ruins of Pueblo Bonito cover three acres on the floor of Chaco Canyon. Eight hun dred rooms cling together like the cells of a honeycomb. Eight National Geographic Society expeditions in the 1920's unearthed the thousand-year-old Indian city. KODACHROMESBY BROOKS HONEYCUTT© N.G.S. Grooved hone from Russell Cave, Ala bama, enabled early man to whet bone awls. Sifting the sands of time, diggers in Rus sell Cave probe 9,000 years into Alabama's prehistory. Excavated by a National Geo graphic Society-Smithsonian Institution ex pedition, the site portrays the evolution of the Indian from his pre-Stone Age ancestors. The cave, given to the Nation by the Society, became a national monument in 1961. Layer on layer of bones, weapons, and tools lie where the occupants left them. Stakes tell the diggers where to work. Gas oline lanterns cut the gloom.