National Geographic : 1963 Jan
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY WASHINGTON, D.C. 75TH ANNIVERSARY v 1888-1963 l Organized "for the increase and OATED P . diffusion of geographic knowledge" The National Geographic Society is chartered in Washington, D. C ., in accordance with the laws of the United States, as a nonprofit scientific and educational organization for increasing and diffusing geographic knowledge and promoting research and exploration. The Society has conducted more than 200 expeditions and scientific projects. It disseminates knowledge to millions through its world-famous National Geographic, its 23 million color maps a year, its books, mono graphs, bulletins for schools, its information service for press, radio, and television. Articles and photographs of travel, natural history, and expeditions to far places are desired. For material used, generous remuneration is made. MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, President and Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President and Secretary ROBERT V. FLEMING, Vice President and Treasurer FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Vice President and Associate Editor ROBERT E. DOYLE, Vice President and Associate Secretary THOMAS M. BEERS, Vice President and Associate Secretary VERNON H. BREWSTER, WM. T. BELL, HERBERT T. HENDERSON, C. VERNON SANDERS, Associate Secretaries ARTHUR B. HANSON, General Counsel COMMITTEE FOR RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION LEONARD CARMICHAEL, Chairman LYMAN J. BRIGGS ALEXANDER WETMORE Chairman Emeritus . Vice Chairman Rear Adm. L. O . COLBERT Vice Adm. EMORY S. LAND HUGH L. DRYDEN MATTHEW W. STIRLING A. REMINGTON KELLOGG Research Associate Research Associate, Smithsonian Institution Smithsonian Institution CONRAD L. WIRTH WILLIAM E. WRATHER and the Senior Officers of the Society BOARD OF TRUSTEES GILBERT GROSVENOR, Chairman of the Board, formerly President, National Geographic Society, and Editor of its magazine (1899-1954) THOMAS W. McKNEW, Vice Chairman of the Board, formerly Executive Vice President and Secretary (1932-1962) ROBERT B. ANDERSON BENJAMIN M. McKELWAY Secretary of the Treasury, 1957-61 Editor, the Washington Star LYMAN J. BRIGGS President, Associated Press Director Emeritus, National WALTER K. MYERS, M.D . Bureau of Standards Physician LEONARD CARMICHAEL MELVIN M. PAYNE Secretary, Smithsonian Institution Executive Vice President L.. C RT National Geographic Society Rear Admiral, U. S . Coast LAURANCE S. ROCKEFELLER and Geodetic Survey, Retired Chairman of the Board, Rockefeller HUGHL. D N Brothers, Inc., and President HUGH L. DRYDEN Jackson Hole Preserve Deputy Administrator, National J nHe P Aeronautics & Space Administration JUAN T. TRIPPE President, Pan American ROBERT V. FLEMING World Airways Chairman of the Board FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH Riggs National Bank FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH Riggs Na aAssoc. Editor, National Geographic CRAWFORD H. GREENEWALT EARL WARREN Chairman of the Board, E. I. du Pont Chief Justice of the United States de Nemours & Company ALEXANDER WETMORE MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR Research Associate Editor, National Geographic Smithsonian Institution EMORY S. LAND LLOYD B. WILSON Vice Admiral, U. S. Navy, Honorary Board Chairman, Chesa Retired, formerly President peake & Potomac Telephone Co. Air Transport Association CONRAD L. WIRTH CURTIS E. LEMAY Director, National Park Service Chief of Staff, U. S . Air Force U. S. Department of the Interior H. RANDOLPH MADDOX WILLIAM E. WRATHER Vice President, American Tele- Director, U. S. Geological phone & Telegraph Company (Ret.) Survey, Retired Asst. Secretaries: CHARLES P. BIXEL, OWEN R. ANDERSON. Asst. Secretary and Asst. Treasurer: HILLEARY F. HOSKINSON. Asst. Treas urer: WM. H. McCAULEY HERMAN J. A . C. ARENS, Executive Assistant, LEONARD J. GRANT, Editorial Assistant, and Gail H. Carroll, Secretary to the President and Editor; Sibyl Peck, Assistant to the Chairman of the Board; Lenore W. Kessler, Secretary to the Vice Chairman of the Board 4 COVER: Balloonists struggle to clear the falling gondola of National Geographic-Army Air Corps Explorer I on its ill-fated flight, July 28, 1934 (pages 24-25). PAINTINGBY TOMLOVELL© N.G.S. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Associate Editor FRANC SHOR, Senior Assistant Editor EDITORIAL STAFF Assistant Editors: Robert L. Conly, Allan C. Fisher, Jr., John Scofield, Mason Sutherland Senior Staff: Jules B. Billard, Andrew H. Brown, James Cerruti, Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Nathaniel T. Kenney, Edward J. Linehan, Luis Marden, Samuel W. Matthews, Carolyn Bennett Patterson, Howell Walker, Kenneth F. Weaver, Paul A. Zahl (Natural Sciences) Foreign Staff: W. Robert Moore (Chief); Thomas J. Abercrombie, Barry C. Bishop, David S. Boyer, Walter Meayers Edwards, Kip Ross, Volkmar Wentzel Issue Editor: Howard La Fay Editorial Staff Edward Cornish, Rowe Findley, William P. E. Graves, John R. Hoopes, Werner Janney, Jay Johnston, Stuart E. Jones, Robert P. Jordan, Bart McDowell, James A. Reynolds, Frank Sartwell, Peter T. White; Joanne M. Hess, Winifred M. Myers, Betty T. Sanborne (Assts.); Dorothy M. Corson (Indexes); Rosalie K. Millerd (Files) EditorialLayout: Howard E. Paine (Chief); Charles C. Uhl Book Service. Merle Severy (Chief); Wayne Barrett, Mary Swain Hoover, Anne Dirkes Kobor, Patricia Coyle Nicholson, Edwards Park, John J. Putman School Service: Ralph Gray (Chief); Liva Baker, Arthur P. Miller, Jr. News Service: Windsor P. Booth (Chief); Lonnelle Aikman, Matt C. McDade, Paul G. Sampson Television Service: Robert C. Doyle (Chief) Phototypography:Robert C. Ellis, Jr. EditorialResearch: Margaret G. Bledsoe (Chief); Ann K. Wendt (Asst.), Levenia Loder, Patricia Middlemas, Patricia Rosenborg GeographicResearch: George Crossette (Chief); Newton V. Blakeslee (Asst.), Leon J. Canova, Virginia A. LeVasseur, Jean B. McCon ville, Edward C. Schulz Library: Esther Ann Manion (Librarian); Virginia Carter Hills (Asst.), Katharine P. O'Donnell ILLUSTRATIONS STAFF IllustrationsEditor: Herbert S. Wilburn, Jr. Art Editor: Andrew Poggenpohl Asst. Illus. Editors: Robert L. Breeden, W. E. Garrett, Robert E. Gilka, Mary S. Griswold, Thomas R. Smith, Charles Allmon (Incoming Photographs) IllustrationsStaff Lee E. Battaglia, Donald J. Crump, Charlene L. Murphy, Robert S. Patton, Arthur A. Terry PictorialResearch: Geraldine Linder, Care Stillwell (Librarian) Artists: Walter A. Weber (Naturalist), Peter V. Bianchi Director ofPhotohgraphy. James M. Godbold. Asst. Director: Joseph Baylor Roberts Photographers:B. Anthony Stewart (Chief); Dean Conger, John E. Fletcher, Robert B. Goodman, Otis Imboden, Bates Littlehales, Albert Moldvay, Thomas Nebbia, Winfield Parks, Robert F. Sisson Photo Lab: Edwin L. Wisherd (Chief); Richard H. Stewart (Asst.), Milton A. Ford, Donald McBain, Robert S. Oakes, Carl M. Shrader, Guy W. Starling Engraving & Printing: Dee J. Andella, Joe M. Barlett, Frank S. Oliverio, William W. Smith CARTOGRAPHIC STAFF Chief Cartographer:James M. Darley Asst. Chief Cartographers.Newman Bumstead, Ralph E. McAleer Cartographers: John J. Brehm, Wellman Chamberlin, David W. Cook, Carol Cunningham, Richard Darley, Russel G. Fritz, Athos D. Grazzini, Apphia Holdstock, Donald A. Jaeger, Robert W. Northrop, William T. Peele, Charles L. Stern, Douglas A. Strobel, George E. Stuart, Catherine Hart (Asst.) Geographic Art: Newman Bumstead (Chief). Artists: Irvin E. Alleman, Joseph E. Barrett, Gilbert H. Emerson, Victor J. Kelley, John W. Lothers, Robert C. Magis, Robert W. Nicholson, William Palmstrom. Research: George W. Beatty, Eugene M. Scheel SECRETARY'S STAFF Administrative: Raymond T. McElligott, Jr. Accounting: F. Charles Brown, George F. Fogle, Martha K. Allen. Cashier: Frank S. Delk. Statistics:Everett C. Brown. Procurement:J. P . M. Johnston. Payroll: Esther M. Lohrer, Marie S. Edwards. Membership Fulfillment: Roy J. Klockenbrink. Promotion: Stan Jennings, E. M. Pusey, Jr., Gordon Young. Accounts Records: Della M. Hurt. Personnel: J. B. Mahon, Mary Louise Cross, Frank A. Holman. Medical: Thomas L. Hartman, M.D . EUROPEAN OFFICE W. E. Roscher (Director) 161-166 Fleet Street, London E.C. 4, England ADVERTISING Director: John F. Connery, New York Advertising Manager: Harley L. McDevitt, New York Chicago:William Turgeon. San Francisco:Donald F. Mikkelsen Los Angeles: Jack V. Sheehan Automotive Manager: William A. Boeger, Jr., New York Copyright © 1962 National Geographic Society. 16th and M Streets N.W. . Washington 6. D. C. All rights reserved. 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