National Geographic : 1963 May
Hollow square of British redcoats in 1780 resists an Indian assault in Madras State during the second Mysore War. Mounted lancer at right breaches a human barricade. Headless horseman at left keeps his saddle. Hand-to-hand combat at lower right pits bayonet against knife. Water carrier at cen ter douses a flaming caisson. Col. William Baillie, who later died an Indian prisoner, directs the defense from his palanquin. Painted on a wall of Tipu Sultan's palace at Seringapatam, the panel celebrates the destruction of Baillie's 3,700-man brigade by Hyder Ali, Tipu's father. Tipu's death in 1799 during an attack on Seringapatam ended the Mysore Wars, allowing Britain to consolidate her rule over south India. 654 military units get into the arguments, but even then they make few headlines. "This is a forgotten war," he said. "After fifteen years, even the local papers are too bored with it to print anything." I paused on a teeming street in Srinagar, the mile-high summer capital of Kashmir (page 642), to copy from a big orange-and black billboard. JAMMU AND KASHMIR STATE IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF INDIA, it proclaimed in English in letters three inches high. IT HAS BEEN SINCE TIME IMMEMORIAL & SHALL CONTINUE TO BE SO ETERNALLY. A Kashmiri wearing a boat-shaped cap of Persian lamb watched me take my notes, then laughed.