National Geographic : 1963 Jul
town, and a carriage maker and cobbler. It was a center of culture, too, with a college and seminary. All roads had led to Gettysburg. I drove to the northern edge of the battle ground. Except that the town has grown to 8,000 residents, the sweep of that storied field, I had been told, is largely unchanged. I could believe it, standing on Oak Ridge and looking south toward Seminary Ridge on my right, Cemetery Ridge on my left, all the way to the dark, rocky hills called Big Round Top and Little Round Top. The first day's fighting swirled in from the west of where I stood, and down through the town whose houses began half a mile south of me. Just beyond the town were Culp's Hill, Cemetery Hill, and Cemetery Ridge-the heights to which the Rebels drove the Yankees that first day. Had the South kept going up those hills, it might have won the battle then and there. In town, citizens hid in cellars, but soon emerged to care for the wounded. Churches, public buildings, and homes became hospi tals. Only one civilian was killed all through 11 Riding through redbud, Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick represents the reserves who came up to protect the Union's left flank on the battle's second day. Nearly a year later he died in action at Spotsylvania Court House. Picnickers play on ground adjacent to the park.