National Geographic : 1963 Oct
t rnC POTO SERVICE Carried by a laborer in 1923, a bust of Tutankharr seems to walk from the tomb. The effigy possibly ser as a dummy on which tailors fitted the king's rol Forty years later, it appears in color (opposite). if one petitioned any goddess likewise, she would not come either-for their hearts were angry in their bodies.... But now when some days had passed after these things, his majes ty appeared on the throne of his father and ruled the regions of Horus; Egypt and the foreign desert lands were under his control and every land bowed to his might.... his majesty administered the affairs of this land and the daily needs of the Two Regions.... "His majesty took counsel with his heart, searching out every proper means and seek ing what would be beneficial to his father Amun.... His majesty made monuments for all the gods, fashioning their statues of gen uine djam [fine]-gold, restoring their sanctu aries as monuments enduring forever, provid ing them with perpetual endowments, invest 634 ing them with divine offerings for the daily service, and supplying their pro visions on earth." * At some point, the young Tutankh amun was married to Ankhesenamun, the daughter of his brother Akhenaten. The queen was some two years older than her husband and had already been married to her own father-as was often the practice of Egyptian royalty-to whom she had borne a daughter. But she was of royal lineage and therefore suitable. She was also solicitous of her new lord, if a panel on his throne is evidence (page 633). Caught up in the ponderous affairs of state at so young an age, Tutankh amun undoubtedly found delight in one royal duty: the annual voyage with the god Amun and his divine family to the Feast of Opet at Luxor. Reliefs at Luxor record the journey, allowing historians to reconstruct it in detail. A kind of New Year's celebration, the feast featured the "divine emer gence" of the Theban gods. On the Nile a full flotilla, including the king's boat, prepared to escort the sacred barges, while in the divinities' Karnak S temple Tutankhamun himself per formed the first rites of the ceremony, sprinkling a libation over flowers and S other offerings, and blessing them. Then the priests lifted the small iun sacred boats containing the shrines of ved the gods and bore them to the barges )es. in a solemn procession that marched to military music. Walking to his own vessel, the king gave the signal for departure, and sailors on the towpath towed the whole fleet upstream. Pennants flew as musicians and singers urged on the toilers. Admiring and applauding crowds lined the banks and a holiday spirit prevailed. The king probably enjoyed the songs of the riverside throngs; one that has survived goes: There is a welcoming inn, Its awningfacing south; There is a welcoming inn, Its awningfacing north; Drink, sailors of the Pharaoh, Beloved of Amun, Praisedof the gods. From time to time during the voyage, the king symbolically seized an oar to show that *From When Egypt Ruled the East, by George Stein dorff and Keith C. Seele. The University of Chicago Press. Copyright 1957 by The University of Chicago.