National Geographic : 1964 Jan
Gilded eagle, a Capitol fixture since the 19th century, perches in the Old Senate Chamber (right), later the Supreme Court Room. Voices of Calhoun, Clay, and Webster Echoed in the Old Senate Chamber Colonnade of Potomac marble flanks the spot where Senate Presidents kept order from 1810 to 1859. Debates in the hall helped determine the course of the young Republic. Here sat Jefferson Davis, who later led the South in war against the Union. Stephen A. Douglas, Sam Houston, and William H. Seward served in this hall. Now it stands silent. Representa tive Graham Purcell of Texas visits the room with his family. Supreme Court hears a case after moving into the vacated Senate Chamber in 1860. Jus tices sat here until 1935. This engraving, pub lished in the book Picturesque Washington (1887), shows the Court, visitors, lawyers, and the busts of three former Chief Justices.