National Geographic : 1964 Jul
sorbed some of the local lore. Fray Juan Crespi, chron icler of the Gaspar de Por tola expedition to upper California, first recorded seeing redwoods in 1769. He wrote of "very high trees of a red color," but his giants were hundreds of miles from Humboldt County. The Spanish, in fact, hard ly penetrated the Humboldt area, and so it is that the names of geographic fea tures date mostly from the gold rush in the mid-19th century. To Humboldt County came Capt. Ulysses S. Grant to pacify Indian tribes, and here Bret Harte wrote his first newspaper stories and got his first impressions of western local color. Yet the dramatic develop ment of the area waited for loggers. To this day, lumber remains the basic industry of Humboldt County, and the outdoor traditions of the logger give towns like Orick their zest. When Lowell Ha good talks about the magnif icent timber in the roadless valleys here, the visitor does well to remember. Road Leads Into Wilds While Eda and the young sters fished for trout in the creek, I visited some of the forest hinterlands. North of Orick about six miles I found an old logger's road that passed through state park land, then twisted up a hill side to emerge in a logged over wilderness. Along this road I could observe every phase in the rise and fall of Sequoia sempervirens,every aspect of its growth, harvest, and regrowth. Within the parkland I often left the car to wander through the pathless forest. Shafts of misty light pierced the superstructure, here and KODACHROMESBY PAUL A. ZAHL, NATIONALGEOGRAPHICSTAFFC N.G.S. Each bloom a bouquet, pink rhododendrons fringe a tall-tree grove. Study of water runoff from a cut-over redwood forest absorbs Dr. Peter E. Black of Humboldt State College, Arcata. His neutron meter accurately measures moisture in the soil. Dr. Black was one of a team of experts conducting the National Park Service-National Geographic Society survey of the conditions coast redwoods need for survival.