National Geographic : 1964 Jul
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY WASHINGTON, D. C. Organized "for the increaseand diffusion of geographic knowledge" COf The National Geographic Society is chartered in Washington, D. C ., in accordance with the laws of the United States, as a nonprofit scientific and educational organization for increasing and diffusing geographic knowledge and promoting research and exploration. Since 1890 the Society has supported more than 200 explorations and re search projects, adding immeasurably to man's knowledge of earth, sea, and sky. It diffuses this knowledge through its journal, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC; more than 28 million maps distributed each year; its books, globes, and atlases; 30 School Bulletins a year in color; information services to press, radio, and television; and the publication of technical monographs. Articles and photographs of travel, natural history, and expeditions to far places are desired. For material used, generous remuneration is made. MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, President and Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President and Secretary ROBERT V. FLEMING, Vice President and Treasurer FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Vice President and Associate Editor LEONARD CARMICHAEL, Vice President for Research and Exploration ROBERT E. DOYLE, Vice President and Associate Secretary THOMAS M. BEERS, Vice President and Associate Secretary VERNON H. BREWSTER, WM. T. BELL, HERBERT T. HENDERSON, C. VERNON SANDERS, Associate Secretaries ARTHUR B. HANSON, General Counsel COMMITTEE FOR RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION LEONARD CARMICHAEL, Chairman ALEXANDER WETMORE T. DALE STEWART Vice Chairman Director, Museum of Natural MELVIN M. PAYNE History Vice Chairman Smithsonian Institution Rear Adm. L. O. COLBERT MATTHEW W. STIRLING MHUGH L. DRYDEN Research Associate HUGH L. DRYDEN Smithsonian Institution A. REMINGTON KELLOGG Research Associate JAMES H. WAKELIN, JR. Smithsonian Institution CONRAD L. WIRTH Vice Adm. EMORY S. LAND PAUL A. ZAHL and the Senior Officers of the Society BARRY C. BISHOP, Secretary BOARD OF TRUSTEES GILBERT GROSVENOR, Chairman of the Board, formerly President, National Geographic Society, and Editor of its magazine (1899-1954) THOMAS W. McKNEW, Vice Chairman of the Board, formerly Executive Vice President and Secretary (1932-1962) LEONARD CARMICHAEL WALTER K. MYERS, M.D. Vice President Physician National Geographic Society MELVIN M PAYNE MELVIN M. PAYNE THOMAS H. CARROLL Executive Vice President President, George Washington National Geographic Society University LEO OTIS COLBERT LAURANCE S. ROCKEFELLER Rear Admiral, U. S . Coast Chairman of the Board, Rockefeller and Geodetic Survey, Retired Brothers, Inc., and President HUGH L. DRYDEN Jackson Hole Preserve Deputy Administrator, National JUAN T. TRIPPE Aeronautics & Space Administration President, Pan American ROBERT V. FLEMING World Airways Advisory Chairman of the Board FRERIKGV R and Chairman, Executive Committee, FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH Riggs National Bank Assoc. Editor, National Geographic CRAWFORD H. GREENEWALT JAMES H. WAKELIN, JR. Chairman of the Board, E. I. du Pont Assistant Secretary of the Navy for de Nemours & Company Research and Development MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR EARL WARREN Editor, National Geographic Chief Justice of the United States EMORY S. LAND Vice Admiral, U. S. Navy ALEXANDER WETMORE Retired, formerly President Research Associate Air Transport Association Smithsonian Institution CURTIS E. LEMAY LLOYD B. WILSON Chief of Staff, U. S . Air Force Honorary Board Chairman, Chesa H. RANDOLPH MADDOX peake & Potomac Telephone Co. Vice President, American Tele- CONRAD L. WIRTH phone & Telegraph Company (Ret.) Former Director BENJAMIN M. McKELWAY National Park Service Editorial Chairman, Washington Star U. S. Department of the Interior Asst. Secretaries: OWEN R. ANDERSON, HERMAN J. A. C. ARENS, CHARLES P. BIXEL; Asst. Secretary and Asst. Treasurer: HILLEARY F. HOSKINSON; Asst. Treasurer: WM. H . McCAULEY HERMAN J. A . C . ARENS, Executive Assistant, LEONARD J. GRANT, Editorial Assistant, and Gail H. Carroll, Secretary to the President and Editor; Sibyl Peck, Assistant to the Chairman of the Board; Lenore W. Kessler, Secretary to the Vice Chairman of the Board 4 COVER: Tallest living thing, a 367.8-foot redwood dis covered by the National Geographic Society, lifts its spire in northern California (pages 5-7). NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Associate Editor FRANC SHOR, Senior Assistant Editor JAMES M. DARLEY, CartographerEmeritus EDITORIAL STAFF Assistant Editors: Newman Bumstead, James Cerruti, Robert L. Conly, Allan C. Fisher, Jr., Kenneth MacLeish, John Scofield, Mason Sutherland Issue Editor: Samuel W. Matthews Senior Staff: Lonnelle Aikman, Jules B. Billard, Andrew H. Brown, Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Stuart E. Jones, Nathaniel T. Kenney, Howard La Fay, Edward J. 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