National Geographic : 1964 Nov
USING methods perfected centuries ago, workers tend silkworms at the Suei Tang factory near Canton. Once a family enterprise, sericulture is now a state monopoly. Most silk is exported for needed capital. Mating silk moths (Bombyx mori, above), have all but lived out their lives. Females lay 300 to 450 eggs. Larvae hatch in a week. Trays of fresh mulberry leaves (upper) are fed to hungry worms four times a day. Voracious worms gorge for 24 days. Two glands in their bodies secrete a viscous fluid that hardens into silk on contact with air. Silken cocoon (opposite, upper) is spun in three days from a continuous fila ment 800 to 1,300 yards long. Two to three thousand such shells yield a pound of fiber. Girls sort the heavier female cocoons. 634 "No, we don't," responded the Chinese priest. Half rising from his seat, he exclaimed, "Rome is no good! Catholics in China sup ported the enemy during the revolution. The foreign missionary fathers supported Chiang Kai-shek, and the church discriminated against the Chinese priests. We were assist ants, nothing more. Thanks to the Communist system, we now have a church of true be lievers and owe nothing to Rome!" Later I checked the records. At the time of "liberation," Chinese bishops presided over 30 Catholic dioceses, and the College of Car dinals included in its number Thomas Tien, Archbishop of Peking. It hardly seemed like discrimination. The most striking case of the effectiveness of Communist self-criticism, or brainwash ing, is that of His Imperial Majesty, Hsuan Tung, last emperor of the Manchu Dynasty.