National Geographic : 1964 Nov
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY z WASHINGTON, D.C. Organized "for the increase and diffusion of geographicknowledge" The National Geographic Society is chartered in Washington, D. C., in accordance with the laws of the United States, as a nonprofit scientific and educational organization for increasing and diffusing geographic knowledge and promoting research and exploration. Since 1890 the Society has supported more than 200 explorations and re search projects, adding immeasurably to man's knowledge of earth, sea, and sky. It diffuses this knowledge through its monthly journal, NATIONAL GEO GRAPHIC; more than 28 million maps distributed each year; its books, globes, and atlases; 30 School Bulletins a year in color; information services to press, radio, and television; and the publication of technical monographs. Articles and photographs of travel, natural history, and expeditions to far places are desired. For material used, generous remuneration is made. MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, President and Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President and Secretary ROBERT V. FLEMING, Vice President and Treasurer FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Vice President and Associate Editor LEONARD CARMICHAEL, Vice President for Research and Exploration ROBERT E. DOYLE, Vice President and Associate Secretary THOMAS M. BEERS, Vice President and Associate Secretary VERNON H. BREWSTER, WM. T. BELL, HERBERT T. HENDERSON, C. VERNON SANDERS, Associate Secretaries ARTHUR B. HANSON, General Counsel COMMITTEE FOR RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION LEONARD CARMICHAEL, Chairman ALEXANDER WETMORE Vice Chairman MELVIN M. PAYNE Vice Chairman Rear Adm. L. O. COLBERT HUGH L. DRYDEN A. REMINGTON KELLOGG Research Associate Smithsonian Institution Vice Adm. EMORY S. LAND T. DALE STEWART Director, Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution MATTHEW W. STIRLING Research Associate Smithsonian Institution JAMES H. WAKELIN, JR. CONRAD L. WIRTH PAUL A. ZAHL and the Senior Officers of the Society BARRY C. BISHOP, Secretary BOARD OF TRUSTEES GILBERT GROSVENOR, Chairman of the Board, formerly President, National Geographic Society, and Editor of its magazine (1899-1954) THOMAS W. McKNEW, Vice Chairman of the Board, formerly Executive Vice President and Secretary (1932-1962) LEONARD CARMICHAEL MELVIN M. PAYNE Vice President Executive Vice President National Geographic Society National Geographic Society LEO OTIS COLBERT LAURANCE S. ROCKEFELLER Rear Admiral, U. S . Coast Chairman of the Board, Rockefeller and Geodetic Survey, Retired Brothers, Inc., and President HUGH L. DRYDEN Jackson Hole Preserve Deputy Administrator, National JUAN T. TRIPPE Aeronautics & Space Administration Chairman of the Board ROBERT V. FLEMING Pan American World Airways Advisory Chairman of the Board FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH and Chairman, Executive Committee, Assoc. Editor, National Geographic Riggs National Bank CRAWFORD H. GREENEWALT JAMES H. WAKELIN, JR. Chairman of the Board, E. I. du Pont Former Assistant Secretary of the de Nemours & Company Navy for Research and MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR Development Editor, National Geographic EARL WARREN EMORY S. LAND Chief Justice of the United States Vice Admiral, U. S . Navy, ALEXANDER WETMORE Retired, formerly President Research Associate Air Transport Association Smithsonian Institution CURTIS E. LEMAY LLOYD B. WILSON Chief of Staff, U. S. Air Force Honorary Board Chairman, Chesa H. RANDOLPH MADDOX peake & Potomac Telephone Co. Vice President, American Tele- CONRAD L. WIRTH phone & Telegraph Company (Ret.) Former Director BENJAMIN M. McKELWAY National Park Service Editorial Chairman, Washington Star U. S. Department of the Interior Asst. Secretaries: OWEN R. ANDERSON, HERMAN J. A. C. ARENS, CHARLES P. BIXEL; Asst. Secretary and Asst. Treasurer: HILLEARY F. HOSKINSON; Asst. Treasurer: WM. H. McCAULEY HERMAN J. A . C . ARENS, Executive Assistant, LEONARD J. GRANT, Editorial Assistant, and Gail H. Carroll, Secretary to the President and Editor; Sibyl Peck, Assistant to the Chairman of the Board; Lenore W. Kessler, Secretary to the Vice Chairman of the Board COVER: In bangles and baubles, a painted heroine plays her role in the Peking Opera School (page 595). NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Associate Editor FRANC SHOR, Senior Assistant Editor JAMES M. DARLEY, CartographerEmeritus EDITORIAL STAFF Assistant Editors: Newman Bumstead, James Cerruti, Robert L. Conly, Allan C. Fisher, Jr., Kenneth MacLeish, John Scofield, Mason Sutherland Senior Staff: Lonnelle Aikman, Jules B. Billard, Andrew H. Brown, William Graves, Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Stuart E. Jones, Nathaniel T. Kenney, Howard La Fay, Edward J. Linehan, Luis Marden, Samuel W. Matthews, Carolyn Bennett Patterson, Howell Walker, Kenneth F. Weaver, Paul A. Zahl (Natural Sciences) Foreign Staff: W. 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Grazzini Production Manager: William T. Peele. Base Maps and Revisions: Charles L. Stern (Supervisor); John F. Dorr, Harry C. Siddeley. Map Drawings: Douglas A. Strobel (Supervisor); John J. Brehm, Robert W. Northrop. Geographic Names: Richard J. Darley (Super visor); Carol J. Cunningham, Donald A. Jaeger, George E. Stuart. Oceanography:Apphia E. Holdstock, David W. Cook. Map Editing: Ted Dachtera, Russel G. Fritz, Richard K. Rogers. Administrative Assistant: Catherine M. Hart SECRETARY'S STAFF Administrative: Edwin W. Snider, Raymond T. McElligott, Jr., Richard E. Pearson. Accounting: George F. Fogle, Martha K. Allen. Cashier: Frank S. Delk. Statistics: Everett C. Brown. Procurement: J. P. M. Johnston, Robert G. Corey. Payrolland Retirement: Joseph B. Hogan. Membership Fulfillment:Roy J. Klockenbrink. Promotion: Stan Jennings, E. M. Pusey, Jr., Gordon Young. Personnel: J. B. Mahon, Mary Louise Cross, Frank A. Holman. Medical: Thomas L. Hartman, M.D. EUROPEAN OFFICE W. E . 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