National Geographic : 1965 Jan
boundary, and, at the end of the administra tion, Texas was annexed. To his friends, President Tyler was an attractive figure: "In his official intercourse with all men, high or low, he was ... ap proachable, courteous, always willing to do( a kindly action.... He was above the middle height, somewhat slender, clean-shaven, with light hair. His light blue eves were penetrat ing, and had a humorous twinkle...."' Ex-President Helps Create Confederacy The over-all effect of the administration of this states' righter was to strengthen the Pres idential office. It also increased the sectional cleavage that led toward the Civil War. Five \Vhias resigned from the Cabinet in 1841. Thereafter Tyler sought the counsel of southern conservatives, former Democrats like himself. In 1844 Calhoun became his Sec retary of State. Later, all these men rejoined the Democratic Party. With like-minded southerners, they directed it toward preser vation of states' rights, planter interests, and the institution of slavery, while the \Vhigs became more representative of northern busi ness and farming interests. When the first southern states seceded from the Union in 1861, Tyler led a compromise movement; failing, he participated in creation of the Southern Confederacy. He died in 1862 after winning election to the Confederate House of Representatives. In 1915, the U. S. Congress erected i monu ment to Tyler at his final resting place, Holly wood cemetery y in Richmond, Virginia.