National Geographic : 1965 Mar
Famous Jaffa oranges, picked and packed in the fragrant groves of Tel Mond, bring in vital revenue from foreign markets. Orange picker at right came to Israel from Morocco. Tel Mond's name honors Sir Alfred Mond, an enthusiastic British Zionist. At Tel Mond's latitude, the nation is barely 12 miles wide. Bananas by the truckload grow in Deganya, a natural hothouse near the Sea of Galilee, more than 600 feet below sea level. Russian immigrants founded this first of the kibbutzim 416 in 1909. New settlers and members of the orig inal kibbutz, now called Deganya A, founded Deganya B in 1920, less than a mile away. problem." Before 1948, nearly a million Arabs lived in what is now Israel. More than 250,000 remain; they make up roughly 10 percent of the new state's population. Many of them live in Nazareth, which looks out from its hilltop perch as it did in Jesus' time to the fertile Plain of Esdraelon (pages 422-3). The rest are mostly scattered in towns and villages throughout Israel. But the Arabs of the parched hills round about Beersheba, the nomadic Bedouin, interested me the most. Many of these colorful wanderers pasture their flocks in the Negev and make Israel's desert crossroads their headquarters. I want ed to see how life in a 20th-century state is EKTACHROME(BELOW) AND KODACHROMEBY B. ANTHONY STEWART© N.G.S .