National Geographic : 1965 Mar
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY WASHINGTON. D.C. Organized "for the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge" The National Geographic Society is chartered in Washington, D. C ., in accordance with the laws of the United States, as a nonprofit scientific and educational organization for increasing and diffusing geographic knowledge and promoting research and exploration. Since 1890 the Society has supported more than 230 explorations and re search projects, adding immeasurably to man's knowledge of earth, sea, and sky. It diffuses this knowledge through its monthly journal, NA'IONAL (;l-) GRAPHIC; more than 28 million maps distributed each year; its books, globes, and atlases: 30 School Bulletins a year in color; information services to press, radio, and television; and the publication of technical monographs. Articles and photographs of travel, natural history, and expeditions to far places are desired. For material used, generous remuneration is made. MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, President and Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President and Secretary ROBERT V. FLEMING, Vice President and Treasurer FREIDERICK G. VOSBURGIH, Vice President and Associate Editor 1.EONARD CAR MICHAIEL, Vice President for Research and Exploration ROBERT E. DOYLE, Vice President and Associate Secretary THOMAS M. BEERS, Vice President and Associate Secretary VERNON H. BREWSTER, HERMAN J. A . C . ARENS. WM. T. BELL ., iHERBIRTT.I IINDERSON, C.VERNON SANDERS, Associate Secretaries ARTHUR B. HANSON, General Counsel COMMITTEE FOR RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION LEONARD C ALEXANDER WETMORE Vice Chairman MELVIN M. PAYNE Vice Chairman Rear Adi. L. O. COLBERT HUGH L. DRYDEN) A. REMINGTON KILLOGG Research Associate Sithsonian Institution Vice Adm. MEMORY S. .AND and the Senior ARMICHAEL, Chairman T. DALE STEWART Director, Museum of Natural History Siithsonian Institution MATTHEW W. STIRLING Research Associate Smithsonian Institution JAMES H. WAKEILIN, JR. CONRAD L. WIRTH PAUL A. ZAIHL Officers of the Society BARRY C. BISHOP, Secretary BOARD OF TRUSTEES GILBERT GROSViNOR, Chairman of the Board, formerly President, National Geographic Society, and Editor of its magazine (1899 1951) THOMAS W. McKNEIW, Vice Chairman of the Board, formerly Executive Vice President and Secretary (1932-1962) LEONARD CARMICHAEL Vice President National Geographic Society LIEO OTIS COLBE RT Rear Admiral, U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, Retired HliUGH L. DRYDEN Deputy Administrator, National Aeronautics & Space Administration ROBERT V. FLEMING Advisory Chairman of the Board and Chairman, lExecutive Committee, Riggs National Bank CRAWFORD H. GRIIENEWALT Chairman of the Board, E. I.du Pont de Nemours & Company MIELVILL BELL. GROSVIENOR liditor. National Geographic CARYL P. HASKINS President, Carnegie Institution of Washington iMORY S. I.AND Vice Admiral, U. S. Navy, Retired, formerly President Air Transport Association CURTIS IE. IiMAY Chief of Staff, U. S. Air Force II. RANDOLPH MADDOX Vice President, American Tele phone & Telegraph Company (Ret.) WM. McClIESNEY MARTIN, JR. Chairman, Board of Governors Federal Reserve System BENJAMIN M. McKELWAY Editorial Chairman, Washington Star MELVIN M. PAYNEI Executive Vice President National Geographic Society LAURANCE S. ROCKIFELLER Chairman of the Board, Rockefeller Brothers, Inc., and President Jackson Hole Preserve JUAN T. TRIPPIE Chairman of the Board Pan American World Airways FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH Assoc. Editor, National Geograplic JAMES H. WAKELIN, JR. Former Assistant Secretary of the Navy forResearch and Development EARL WARREN Chief Justice of the United States ALEXANDER WETMORE Research Associate Sinithsnian Institution LLOYD B. WILSON Honorary Board Chairman, Chesa peake & Potomac Telephone Co. CONRAD L. WIRTH Former Director National Park Service U. S. Department of the Interior LOUIS B. WRIGHT Director, Folger Shakespeare Library Asst. Secretaries: OWEN R. ANDERSON, CIARLES P. BIXEL; Asst. Secretary and Asst. Treasurer: HILLEARY F. HOSKINSON; Asst. Treasurer: WM. H. McCAULIY HE RMAN J. A . C . ARI NS, Executive Assistant, LEONARD J. GRANT, Editorial Assistant, and Judith N. Dixon, Secretary to the President and Editor; Sibyl Peck, Assistant to the Chairman of the Board; Lenore W. Kessler, Secretary to the Vice Chairman of the Board 4 COVER: Spanish flamenco dancer sends heels anti skirts flying to fiery gypsy music (page 29)1). NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR, Editor MELVIN M. PAYNE, Executive Vice President FREDERICK G. VOSBURGH, Associate Editor FRANC SHOR. Associate Editor JAMES M. DARLEY, CartographerEmeritus EDITORIAL STAFF Assistant Editors: Newman Bumstead, James Cerruti, Robert L. Conly, Allan C. Fisher, Jr., Gilbert M. Grosvenor, Kenneth MacLeish, Carolyn Bennett Patterson, John Scofield Senior Staff: Lonnelle Aikman, Jules B. Billard, Andrew H. Brown, Wil liam Graves, Stuart E. Jones, Nathaniel T. Kenney, Howard La Fay, Edward J. 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O'Donnell Editorial Administration: Patricia M. Watkins ILLUSTRATIONS STAFF IllustrationsEditor: Herbert S. Wilburn, Jr. Art Editor: Andrew Poggenpohl Asst. Illust. Editors: Robert L. Breeden, W. E. Garrett, Mary S. Griswold, Thomas R. Smith, Charles Allmon (Incoming Photographs) Director of Photography: Robert E. Gilka. Asst. Director: Joseph Baylor Roberts. Chief of Film Review: Richard H. Stewart. Photographers: B. Anthony Stewart (Chief); James P. Blair, Dean Conger, John E. Fletch er, Otis Imboden, Bates Littlehales, George F. Mobley, Albert Mold vay, Thomas Nebbia, Winfield Parks, Joseph J. Scherschel, Robert F. Sisson Picture Editors: Lee E. Battaglia, Donald J. Crump, O. Louis Mazzatenta, Charlene L. Murphy, Robert S. Patton, Arthur A. Terry; Geraldine Linder (Asst.) . Librarian: Caro Stillwell Photo Lab: Edwin L. Wisherd (Chief); Milton A. Ford, Donald McBain, Robert S. Oakes, Claude E. Petrone, Carl M. Shrader, Guy W. 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