National Geographic : 1965 Oct
Always a crusader, Wilson was the first President since John Adams to address Joint Sessions of Congress. Here in the House Chamber he appeals for legislation soon after taking office. From this same dais on January 8, 1918, he presented his famous Fourteen Points, outlining Amer ican peace hopes. Congressional contro versy engulfed the fourteenth point, which called for establishment of an internation al "association"-the League of Nations. Exhausted but still a fighter, Wilson ignores his doctor's advice and makes a whistle-stop tour of the United States. His aim: to mobilize public opinion and force the Senate to act favorably on the League of Nations. He would be glad to give his life for the cause, he said. After stumping the Midwest and Far West, he collapsed and was whisked back to Washington, where he was invalided by a stroke four days later. He gradually regained strength, but suffered another blow when, on March 19, 1920, the Senate voted down the Ver sailles Treaty with its League Covenant. HARRIS & EWING; UNDERWOODAND UNDERWOOD(RIGHT) nearly died. For two months Wilson's wife and physician tried to shield him from matters that would upset or tire him. Once Mrs. Wil son turned away officials, saying, "I am not interested in the President of the United States. I am interested in my husband and his health." Wilson's illness has since been cited by those seeking to provide constitu tional safeguards against the incapacity of a President. Nursed by his wife, the ex-President lived on until 1924 at 2340 "S" Street in Washing ton, now a national historic landmark. He is buried at the Washington Cathedral, where his tomb and memorial bay may be seen. "I am not one of those who have the least anxiety about the triumph of the principles I have stood for," he once said. "That we shall prevail is as sure as that God reigns."