National Geographic : 1950 Jan
The National Geographic Magazine Rosewood Bowls, Elaborately Carved by Hand, Are the Pots and Pans of Polynesia The chief of Fatu Hiva Island, who collects Marquesan carvings, owns these three prizes. His family has preserved the center one 70 years (page 104). In 1595 Spanish ships sent from Callao by Don Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, Viceroy of Peru, found the southeast group of islands, and their commander, Alvaro de Mendana, named it for his patron's wife-Las Mar quesas de Mendoza. One hundred and seventy-nine years later, in 1774, Captain Cook came to the Marquesas while on his second voyage through the South Seas and added Fatu Huku to the list.* In the brig Hope, of Boston, Capt. Joseph Ingraham, a former mate on Capt. Robert (ray's Columbia (the famous vessel which started the Boston trade to our Northwest coast), visited Nuku Hiva in 1791 and called the islands Washington Islands for his beloved hero, George Washington. The same year a Frenchman, Etienne Mar chand, also visited the northern group of islands. Marchand, the fires of liberty blazing high in his native land, named the group the Miles de la Revolution. One hundred and thirty-seven years ago the Stars and Stripes flew over the little hill overlooking the bay of Taiohae. A light now stands there, and its friendly gleam in the night means a haven for mariners venturing into the Marquesas. The Adventures of Captain Porter The adventures of Capt. David Porter, the American, were as strange and romantic as those of any of the hundreds of gypsies of the sea who sailed these southern waters.t Porter had left the United States in com mand of the frigate Essex to destroy British shipping and to capture their ships and sailors. He harassed the British in the Atlantic, rounded Cape Horn, and attacked in the South Seas. At last, with prisoners and prize crews aboard some of the captured vessels, * See, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE: "Co lumbus of the Pacific (Cook)," by J. R. Hildebrand, January, 1927. i See, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE: "American Pathfinders in the Pacific," by William H. Nicholas, May, 1946.