National Geographic : 1950 Mar
Literary Landmarks of Massachusetts Quincy's First Parish Church Shelters the Graves of Two Presidents John Adams, second President; Abigail Adams, his wife; and John Quincy Adams, his son and the sixth President, are buried in the crypt of the old church which was established in 1689. John Adams died on July 4, 1826, on the fiftieth anniversary of Independence Day. By strange coincidence, Thomas Jefferson died on the same day. Quincy is the ancestral home of this famous Massachusetts family (page 295). heard round the world," did not bear its Scot tish name in those days. It was so called by Nathaniel Hawthorne, who moved there from Salem with his bride in 1842, following the death of Dr. Ripley. Hawthorne was im pressed by the fact that until his arrival only ministers had lived in the building. Here he wrote Mosses from an Old Manse. I saw the clumsy writing chair in which both Hawthorne and Emerson sat while work ing. I walked through the small rooms and climbed the narrow stairway to the "saint's chamber," a tiny cubicle, rudely furnished, which was reserved for visiting ministers in the days before Hawthorne. On small windowpanes of the study I saw inscriptions scratched by Hawthorne and his wife with her diamond (opposite page). One reads: Nath' Hawthorne This is his study, 1843 And below it: Inscribed by my husband at Sunset Apr 3d 1843 In the gold light. S.A.H. Man's accidents are God's purposes. Sophia A. Hawthorne 1843 Hawthorne's Second Concord Home Hawthorne remained at the Old Manse three years, then returned to Salem. But in 1852 he came back to Concord, buying the Wayside from the Alcott family and making that his home for the remainder of his life, except for a period he spent in Europe. The Wayside, thus named by Hawthorne, attracts thousands of visitors each year. Built before the Revolution, it became the Alcott home in 1845, when Louisa May, author of Little Women, and the "Jo" of the book, was 13; Anna, or "Meg," was 14; Elizabeth, or "Beth," 10; and Abba May, or "Amy," was 5. The Alcotts called the house Hillside.