National Geographic : 1950 Oct
552 1'. . 'oast Guard, Official Men Fight for Footing as an Avalanche of Spume Engulfs a Tanker's Decks Two of the crew hold the safety line of a third as he waits for the welter of foam to retreat. Hungry waves tore loose steel stanchions and carried away life boats and rafts when this tanker, manned by the U. S. Coast Guard, fought for life through a hurricane north of Cuba. Usually hurricanes are most violent over the sea; they "dry up" and lose force over land. "The bottom really dropped out of the barometer" when the steamship lrethusa recorded a pressure of 26.16 inches in a typhoon east of the Philippines. Even in severe storms, normal sea level pressure (nearly 30 inches) drops only an inch or an inch and a half. A 1945 typhoon (Pacific version of the hurricane) ripped the bow clean off the heavy cruiser Pittsburgh.