National Geographic : 1950 Dec
Large-scale Western Europe Map First in New National Geographic Series "I TO ENEMY is likely to overcome us unless he first possesses Western Eu rope, which is still the strategic pivot of the world." When General of the Army Omar N. Brad ley wrote these words a few weeks ago, Na tional Geographic Society map makers were just completing three months' work on mas ter drawings for a new large-scale map of Western Europe. Huge lithographic presses now have turned out 1,950,000 copies of this large ten-color wall map for distribution to members of The Society throughout the world as a supplement to this December number of their NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE. "Today our frontiers lie in common with Europeans' in the heart of Europe," said Gen eral Bradley, Chairman of the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff, in the same historic declaration. "Our foreign policy and our military policy in 1950," he stated further, "call for the de fense of Western Europe from the start, not for a liberation of our friends after they have been overrun . . ." From ancient towns to modern airports and occupation zones, the Western Europe map shows our kinship in history and culture with this old and populous part of the world, and its strategic importance in the age of air planes and radio. Three-map Series to Cover All Europe The new map is the first of three presenting all Europe on a scale that permits showing even the smaller towns. Planned for later is sues are a new map of Eastern Europe which will cover the Balkan countries, and Northern Europe which will map Scandinavia and the nations of the Baltic. Each of the future Europe sheets will ex tend well into Russia, mapping the border area between the Soviet Union and its satellites. For quick location of the thousands of place names, The Society will issue an index to each map. The index to the 8,683 names on the new map of Western Europe will soon be available.* All three maps are being drawn on the same projection and scale, so that the sheets may be fitted together to make a large, detailed map of Europe about four and a half feet wide and more than five feet high. With at least 20,000 place names, it will give the most de tailed coverage of Europe ever provided by the National Geographic Society. The scale of 1:2,500,000, or 39.46 miles to the inch, was chosen for these sectional maps because it is small enough to permit showing an extensive area on each sheet and yet big enough to include most important places. Even in high-speed modern airplanes, travel ers can scan their map and recognize many features below them before the plane flies off it and onto another sheet. The Western Eu rope map covers an area about 1,100 by 1,400 miles in extent. In well-populated areas, the new map of Western Europe averages from four to six names to the inch. In an hour's automobile drive of about forty miles, the user will find that along his route an average of four to half a dozen or more places are located and named. Ideal Guide for Pilgrims to Europe Up-to-date compilation of railways, roads, airports, and waterways makes this map ideal for the hundreds of thousands of travelers who now visit Western Europe each year. In 1949 these pilgrims from the United States alone numbered 203,429, compared to 115,485 in a typical prewar year, 1937. For 1950 the figures are running higher still. Dollar-shy countries are glad of their guests. In England the income from visitors is greater than that from the huge textile industry. In France during the tourist season this income amounts to half a million dollars a day. Except for Scandinavia, Italy, Greece, and Turkey-to be included in later maps-the area shown includes most of Europe where travelers from the West are welcome, not barred as by Communist regimes. Besides France and Great Britain north to Glasgow and Edinburgh, the 29-by-37/ 4 -inch sheet includes all of Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, and the "Benelux Countries" Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. Eastward it extends to uneasy, divided Berlin and iron-curtained Czechoslovakia. Denmark south of Copenhagen, and Italy west of Bologna are included. The jutting peninsula mapped as Western Europe, together with the British Isles, meas ures only about 747,000 square miles; yet this "strategic pivot of the world" is the home of * Members may obtain additional copies of the new map of Western Europe (and of all standard maps published by The Society) by writing to the National Geographic Society, Washington 6, D. C . Prices, in United States and Possessions, 50 each on paper; $1 on linen; Index, 25'. Outside United States and Pos sessions, 75! on paper; $1.25 on linen; Index, 50 . All remittances payable in U. S. funds. Postage prepaid.