National Geographic : 1951 Feb
Massed Flags Highlight Observance 238 of the United Nations' Don Rice, New York Herald Tribune Fifth Anniversary Colors of member nations form a backdrop for speakers at a session of the 1950 New York Herald Tribune Forum on UN's birthday, October 24. Newest member of UN is Indonesia, admitted September 29, 1950 (page 213). The large gold map medallion is the Forum's emblem. Venezuela, page 232. Francisco Miranda, "Precursor of Independence" in South America, designed a yellow, blue, and red flag for his use in 1806. Sim6n Bolivar carried this combination so consistently that it is sometimes called "Boli var's colors." Both Colombia and Ecuador use flags derived from this source. Wheat stalks on the arms symbolize the union of the provinces and fertility of the soil. The untamed horse is for independence. The ribbons are inscribed in Spanish "April 19, 1810-Inde pendence," "February 20, 1859-Federation," and "The United States of Venezuela." White Russian Soviet Socialist Republic, page 232. This member of the Soviet Union has a flag similar to the flag of the U. S. S. R. (page 231). The Cyrillic letters B. S. S. R. for Byelo russian (White Russian) Soviet Socialist Repub lic appear beneath the hammer and sickle." Yemen, page 232. For centuries Yemen used a red flag with characters on it to symbolize virtues to which Moslems and Yemeni aspired. But in 1927 this flag was given to the royal guard and a new flag was adopted as the National Flag. The five stars represent the five natural geo graphic divisions of Yemen; they also recall the five dogmas of Islam and the five times a day the prayers are recited by the faithful. The saber, widely used as an emblem by Arabs, and the red field on which it is placed, are reminders to the people of the blood they have sacrificed in the defense of the liberty and independence of their country. Yugoslavia, page 232. When Yugoslavia was formed after World War I, its flag was a hori zontal tricolor, based on the flags of Montenegro, Serbia, and Croatia. During World War II the Yugoslav Partisans used a red star as an emblem, and this star is perpetuated in the coat of arms and flag adopted by the country, now the Federal People's Re public of Yugoslavia. The red now stands for the battles of a people who were under foreign rule for centuries; white, the justice of the battle; blue, faith in final victory. The wreath around the star on the En sign is similar to the one used in the insignia of the Order of the Partisan Star, first class. The six republics forming the F.P.R.Y. all have flags.