National Geographic : 1951 Feb
z19 \v 1(e \\ orll In Solemn Silence Stars and Stripes Yield Place to the Flag of the Filipino Republic Manila's historic ceremony of July 4, 1946, marked the birth of Philippine independence. U. S. Ambas sador Paul McNutt lowered his country's flag from a silver pole as the late President Manuel Roxas hoisted the new republic's emblem (pages 230 and 235). The Flag of the United States had waved over the islands for 47 years. dragon; the crown appears again on the seat of the throne. The seal, the lion, and the motto are also incorporated in the design. The flag carries a gold fringe. France, page 225. The President uses the National Flag with his initials, "VA," for Vincent Auriol, in the center. The Assembl6e Nationale adopted the Tricolor in 1789 as the national emblem; in 1794 it was decreed for the Navy, and in 1812 for the Army. Dropped in 1815, the Tricolor was restored fifteen years later. Many flag students credit Louis XVI with the origin of the combination which forms the Tri color; others say that these colors belonged to the House of Orleans. Commandant Henry Lachouque, in a recent study of the flags of the National Guard of Paris, claims that though the combination had been used as early as the 16th century, the Marquis de Lafayette was respon sible for its adoption in 1789. Lafayette used the colors as a cockade for the Paris Guard, from which they evolved into the national symbol. The stripes on the Tricolor, originally equal, were later made 30, 33, and 37 per cent of the width of the flag, a proportion which made them appear equal at a distance. The 1946 Constitution specified that bands on the National Flag should be equal, but in practice the Ensign and Merchant Flag retain the old pro portions.