National Geographic : 1951 Feb
-4 'Iv I 4\ 217 © Frederick Mott, New York Times U. S. S. Columbus in Full Dress Receives a Call from King George VI A 21-gun salute greeted the British monarch November 8, 1949, as he boarded the cruiser at Portsmouth, England, to greet Admiral Richard L. Conolly, Chief of the United States Naval Forces in the Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. though the country does not have a flag spe cifically designated as such. The badge illustrates the English, Scotch, Irish, and French origins of the people in the three lions, single lion, and harp (all taken from the arms of the King, page 236) and the fleur-de-lis, traditional emblem of France. The maple leaf represents all Canadians. Canada uses the Blue Ensign with the badge for vessels in government service. Chile, page 222. The Chilean national arms carry the motto, Por la Razdn o la Fuerza, "By Right or Might," which was the slogan used during Chile's war for independence. The star both on the arms and the flag may represent the Chilean Indians who used a star on their early pennants. Chile's colors may have been inspired by the Flag of the United States. China, page 223. When the Manchu dynasty was overthrown and the Republic founded in 1912, a National Flag of five horizontal stripes was adopted. In 1928 the National Flag was changed to the one shown. It was designed by Dr. Sun Yat-sen, founder of the Chinese Re public. The sun, the party emblem in the Na tional Flag, indicates rule of the Government by the Kuomintang. The sun's 12 rays signify the 12 two-hour periods of the day, symbolizing a progressive and enterprising spirit. Colors symbolize "The Three People's Prin ciples": blue for equality, justice, and democracy "by the people"; white for fraternity, frankness, and livelihood "for the people"; red for liberty, sacrifice, and nationalism "of the people." The Communist regime in China adopted in October, 1949, a red flag with one large and four small gold stars in the canton.