National Geographic : 1951 Feb
142 renno Jacos, miacK Star Where the World's Troubles Started, Where the First Great War Began-Sarajevo Touring Yugoslavia, the author observed wild enthusiasm for, and outspoken resentment against, the new regime. People worked zealously, denying themselves luxuries, to make the nation strong. They endured drought, high prices, and acute shortages. Here in Sarajevo, a Serbian student, by assassinating an Austrian archduke in June, 1914, set the world on fire. Events he started unleashed Russia's Bolshevik Revolution, making Communist Yugoslavia what she is today. Old Sarajevo is Turkish, as minaret and veils attest (p. 166). five percent, makes up the country's Com munist core as party members. Among the nation's peasants, who still comprise three quarters of the population, widespread opposi tion to abandonment of private ownership has caused the Government to go slowly with col lectivization of farms (page 148). In our divided world, Yugoslavia, almost surrounded by Russian satellites, walks a tightrope between East and West (map, page 144).* We began our journey through Titoland late last summer in the upper Drava River valley on the Austro-Yugoslavian frontier. Saying auf Wiedersehen to Austrian border guards, we zigzagged across a road-block-studded no man's land to the Yugoslav barrier. An unarmed teen-age soldier, wearing the red star of Communism, ran forward and raised the gate. Smiling, he motioned that he wanted to get in with us. A few wordless * For wartime and prewar background, see, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE: "The Clock Turns Back in Yugoslavia," by Ethel Chamberlain Porter, April, 1944; "Echoes from Yugoslavia" (16 ills.), June, 1941; and other presentations listed in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPIIIC MAGAZINE Cumulative Index, 1899-1950.