National Geographic : 1951 Aug
185 National Geographic Photographer Maynard Owen Williams Men, Women, and Children Husk the Filbert Crop Near Fatsa These hazelnuts may eventually find their way into Christmas stockings and to dinner tables in the United States. To Turkey, which produces half the world supply, they are a leading export (page 147). Thousands of pounds are eaten raw; others are used whole or chopped in confectionery and ice cream. Filbert oil goes into soap, varnishes, and finishes for fine wood products like gunstocks and airplane pro pellers. Waste, rich in nitrates, feeds cattle. Corn, an American Indian contribution to the world's breadbasket, grows in the background. a route of the mysterious and fascinating Hit tites. Since my professional writing began with a description of the unearthing of a basalt slab at Carchemish by "Lawrence of Arabia" and NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC contributor, C. Leonard Woolley,* I have long been inter ested in this people, whose civilization ranked third in importance among those of the Near East. This block of basalt, covered with picto graphic script, might have become the Rosetta Stone or Bisitun Rock of Hittite lore.t But it hasn't yet. From Bor we rounded tawny Hasan Dag and came to the valley of Goreme. The region, unlike anything else I know, is of outstanding interest, and the two "Cone Dweller" articles in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE prove it. Day after day our swift forays had taken us to scenes of mighty history. On the path of Caesar, "we came, saw, and conquered" not mortal enemies, but that friendly foe against which man so patiently fights and in which he seeks peaceful asylum-space. True Democracy Ahead for Turkey Already men speed past sites to which great armies marched, four thousand years ago. This was their world. We and the road makers are trying to open it for all the modern world to enjoy. Back in Washington, a Turkish friend asked news of my trip. * See "Archeology, the Mirror of the Ages," by C. Leonard Woolley, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, August, 1928. t See "Darius Carved History on Ageless Rock," by George G. Cameron, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGA ZINE, December, 1950.