National Geographic : 1951 Aug
1U ueorge I'CKOW,l1nree ilons Moslem Veils Are Unknown to Glider Girls in Coveralls Turkey's leading aviatrix, Maj. Sabiha Gokcen, adopted daughter of Kemal Atatiirk, volunteered in vain for combat duty with United Nations forces in Korea. These girls, preparing to soar over rolling hills near Ankara, hitch a towing cable to their motorless craft. London Olympics in 1948, and in 1950 won 15 out of 16 bouts with American amateurs, the groan-and-grunt racket is not wholly vocal. Every bed sagged low under a mountain of muscle. The two Williamses slept in the police sta tion. At dawn I was awakened by a pullet that tapped on the window, expecting to be fed. Behind her the close-packed city faded away down the narrow valley, where squeaky water wheels irrigate gardens of luscious grapes and Amasya apples, famous for per fume and flavor. Our second night found us in Samsun, the great tobacco port. Here a statue com- memorates the landing of Mustafa Kemal Pasha in 1919. Four years later, with Turk ish soil freed of foreign armies, the victorious Mustafa Kemal became the first President of a rejuvenated Turkey. In 1935, when titles were abolished and surnames adopted, in ac cordance with a 1934 law, the Republic's founder became Kemal Atatiirk, which means "Father of the Turks" (page 142). Like shiny jewels on a necklace, Black Sea ports stretch along between the waters and the green hills. The new shore road still wets its feet at each valley mouth, but bridges will soon enable the motor traveler to ignore the age-old fords.