National Geographic : 1951 Aug
147 Wide World Fighting Turks, Headed for Korea, Converse with Their Commander Armed with American weapons, the Turkish Brigade joined the United Nations battle against North Korean and Chinese Communists in October, 1950 (page 141). Soon after taking the field, Brig. Gen. Tahsin Yazici (right) and 15 of his men were decorated for gallantry by the late Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker, of the United States Eighth Army. Here Yazici and infantrymen wait to board ship at Iskenderun. How many, riding home, or sitting in an open-air cafe, think of the April night in 1453 when sweating men, horses, and oxen dragged 68 ships up the valley from the Bosporus, over the saddle, and down into the Golden Horn, thus ushering in the fall of Constantinople on May 29, 1453? This dra matic scene was recently filmed for the movies, with Turkish soldiers wearing the costumes of 500 years ago. Beyond the glistening mosque at Ortakoy we soon saw the European Castle (Rumeli Hissar), which Mohammed built in four-and a-half months (pages 156, 157). Framed in its medieval towers we could see a window of our son's apartment at Robert College. Robert College Helps Turkey Think American This famous American college is highly respected for the part its graduates have played in Turkey's progress for nearly 90 years. Many American diplomats, military ad visers, agricultural experts, and Economic Co operation Administration workers trust in these young Turks, who speak colloquial Eng lish and "think American."* Turkey's Black Sea coast is almost with out harbors. Ships anchor offshore, and pas sengers land from rowboats. Overnight from Istanbul lies Zonguldak, be hind whose new breakwater steamers shelter while loading coal. At near-by Catalagzi a new plant utilizes low-quality coal to generate electricity. Close to the mines, it will effect estimated savings of $1,000,000 a year. Atatiirk well knew the value of water in a thirsty land. "Let not one drop of Anatolian water waste itself in the sea," was his dramatic advice. Now the ECA is helping the Turks to erect hydroelectric plants which will give Turkey electric power at one cent a kilowatt hour. Thus hard-working rivers will save Turkish coal. In the first nine months of 1950, with ex pensive machinery coming in, Turkey im ported less than she exported. The exports represented much patient toil: cotton and tobacco, picked by hand; mohair, gathered a strand at a time; hand-picked figs and raisins; and hazelnuts, flailed from their * See "American Alma Maters in the Near East," by Maynard Owen Williams, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, August, 1945.