National Geographic : 1951 Sep
The Fort Peck Dam in Montana is completed.* The Garrison in North Dakota will be finished by 1954, and the Oahe and Fort Randall in South Dakota are scheduled for completion thereafter. From a point a short distance below the Fort Peck Dam it is proposed to divert water to irrigate a vast area in North Da- . kota and to raise the level of Devils Lake, largest body of water in the State. T :w -a The Garrison Dam will create a lake 200 miles long, and the Oahe, near Pierre, South Dakota, willHA StS S back water up to Bis- iB l .' marck. Thus a land now ai tK l semiarid will be converted into a well-watered area suitable for intensive farming. In excavating for the Garrison Dam, the Army engineers uncovered thou sands of tons of lignite coal. This has been sep arated from the earth and clay and piled in great ridges below the embank ment. It is used as fuel to furnish power for the construction machinery. The dam will be 12,000 feet long, 2,600 feet wide 289 at the base, 60 feet wide Here United States and Canada Pledge Eternal Amity at the top, and 210 feet International Peace Garden, a 2,200-acre natural park dedicated to friend ship between the countries, lies partly in North Dakota, partly in Manitoba. high. Its crest will carry a The cairn stands astride the border north of Dunseith. Besides a rustic lodge four-lane highway. Earth and other buildings, the area contains a lake, indigenous trees and shrubs, dug to build the dam and landscaped vistas. would leave a hole a city block square and more than four miles deep. Shooting is prohibited by law in the spring, From Riverdale north to Minot the smooth and game birds seem fearless then. highway goes through wheat country. Traces In the fall, however, North Dakota is a of snow from heavy winter falls still lingered huntsman's paradise. Most of the pheasants along the way, and seeding was late. Here were imported from China several years ago. and there were shallow pools dotted with wild On a main flyway of the mid-continent, ducks and geese. The spring migration was North Dakota lakes and streams are breeding in progress. An estimated 65,000 snow geese places for myriad ducks and geese (page 300). and Canadian honkers had descended on Minot, which sprang up overnight in 1887 Devils Lake a few days before. when the Great Northern Railway was being We saw scores of ring-necked pheasants pushed toward the Pacific Coast, is a fast along the fence rows. Sometimes these game growing city of 21,924, third in size in North birds are so numerous that motorists are cau- Dakota. Near it are the Souris waterfowl tioned to drive carefully to avoid killing them propagation areas. The slow-moving Souris on the highways. River winds for eight miles through the city. We watched two ring-neck cocks, handsome We watched two ring-neck cocks, handsome * See "Montana, Shining Mountain Treasureland," fellows, sparring near the road. They put up by Leo A. Borah, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, a battle for the favor of the drab-looking hens. June, 1950.