National Geographic : 1951 Oct
A Spring Sets Iran's Nomads in Motion. Packing Humble Possessions, They Trek from Southern Plains to High Mountain Pastures Wandering tribes make up about one-sixth of Iran's estimated 18,000,000 population. Typi cal are Kashgais, who winter south and west of Shiraz and summer in highlands near Isfahan. Seasonal migrations, covering hundreds of miles, take weeks. Flocks of grazing goats and fat tailed sheep set the leisurely pace. Women and children perch on baggage-laden burros, horses, or camels. Men and youths, afoot or mounted, drive the flocks. Kashgais move in small family groups. In April and September their black goat's-hair tents dot hillsides between Shiraz and Isfahan; flocks and caravans often slow traffic on the road. + Horse and bullock power a primitive roadside "pump" in southern Iran. The animals, pulling ropes down a ramp, lift large leather bags of water from the well. Through elephant like trunks the bags spill the life-giving liquid into an irrigation ditch. c Author and photographer visited several encampments of Kashgais, and were offered brimming bowls of buttermilk by the hospitable nomads.