National Geographic : 1952 Jan
© National Geographic Society 100 National Gallery of Art (Kress Collection) UNKNOWN ARTIST (Late 15th Century), Flemish Mary Queen of Heaven This anonymous artist "transplanted into Ileaven a musical performance of his own time," as one critic put it. le made the old-fashioned instruments stand out with precision. Even the musicians' finger positions are correct, and the musical scores are legible. The heavenly orchestra plays lutes, shaw ms, harps, vielle (viol), and portable organ. Angel-musicians in two groups surround the throne of the Iloly Trinity (background) and the Virgin Mary at the moment of Assumption. "Nlary Queen of Hleaven" contains evidence that the painter received his training in Flanders. Discovery of tlhe panel in a monastery near iBurgos stigtests lie was active in Spain.